History and Heritage

Hope Sculpture Locations

Glasgow, Central Station, Rottenrow Gardens and Cuningar Loop

Glasgow, Glaschu, the Dear Green Place, developed from a religious settlement on the River Clyde, to a medieval city with a cathedral and university, to an eighteenth, century city of commerce and city of Enlightenment, to a Victorian city and thereafter to an imperial city and Second City of the Empire, to post-industrial decline and late twentieth century renaissance and ongoing regeneration.

Successful and ambitious regeneration and creative projects include the 1988 Garden Festival, the Glasgow’s Miles Better campaign of the 1980s, and the 1990 European City of Culture. As a city of music, Glasgow was named a UNESCO City of Music in 2008, and the city is noted for it’s creativity and also as a media centre. Global Glasgow’s profile includes the highly successful 2014 Commonwealth Games, and the forthcoming COY16 and COP 26.

People Make Glasgow is a defining logo of the city’s image and identity. Glasgow has always been a city of immigrants. Glasgow has often been referred to by American visitors as Scotland’s New York, with a melting pot of different ethnic and immigrant groups. Highlanders, Irish, Poles, Italians and the various communities from south Asia, to name but a few, have all individually and collectively contributed to the vibrant ethnic diversity of Scotland’s biggest city.

Glasgow’s architectural heritage and significance was recognised as the UK City of Architecture and Design in 1999. Despite the fact that most of the medieval city was destroyed and no longer exists (although Glasgow Cathedral and Provand’s Lordship, for example, thankfully survived), Glasgow’s Victorian architecture remains a dominant feature of the city’s architectural landscape, including the City Chambers and Kelvingrove Art Gallery. The various buildings designed by Charles Rennie Mackintosh, who was born in Townhead in the vicinity of the University of Strathclyde campus, and those of Alexander Greek Thomson, attract global attention and admiration. These include Thomson’s Holmwood House, St Vincent Street Church (Thomson), Scotland Street School and House for an Art Lover (Mackintosh). Mackintosh’s Martyr’s School is particularly poignant, being located in Parson Street where Mackintosh was born

Glasgow’s industrial heritage dominates much of the city’s skyline, including the Finnieston Crane on the River Clyde, symbolising and recognising the city’s shipbuilding and engineering heritage.

Glasgow's Climate Plan sets out to achieve net-zero carbon by 2030 in response to the climate and ecological emergency, which was declared by the Glasgow City Council in May 2019.